Raphael Santi (Raffaello Sanzio)
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Raphael - Self-portrait
(Detail of the painting "Self-Portrait with a friend")

Raphael Sanzio
(Raffaello Santi)

was born on 26 (28) March 1483 in Urbino
died April 6, 1520 in Rome

Italian painter and architect

Raphael - the representative of the High Renaissance.
From the classical clarity and sublime spirituality embodied life-affirming ideals of the Renaissance. Early works ("Madonna Conestabile", about 1502-03) imbued with grace, gentle lyricism. In the paintings of the rooms of the Vatican (1509-17) Rafael have glorified earthly human existence, the harmony of spiritual and physical strength, reaching a perfect sense of proportion, rhythm, proportion, color euphony, the unity of the figures and the majestic architectural backgrounds. Numerous images of the Mother of God ("Sistine Madonna", circa 1513), art ensembles in the paintings of the Villa Farnesina (1514-18) and the Loggia of the Vatican (1519, with the students). In the portraits created an ideal image of a man of the Renaissance ("Baldassare Castiglione", 1514-15). Designed the Cathedral of Sts. Peter built the Chigi Chapel Church of Santa Maria del Popolo (1512-20) in Rome.

For centuries Raphael has been recognised as the supreme High Renaissance painter, more versatile than Michelangelo and more prolific than their older contemporary Leonardo. Though he died at 37, Raphael's example as a paragon of classicism dominated the academic tradition of European painting until the mid-19th century.
  Raphael biography  
  Art sleuth uncovers clue to secret Raphael marriage  
  Raphael’s secret love, hidden in his paintings  
  Altarpiece of the Virgin Mary and Christ Child  
  The Madonna - back-story regarding the model  
  Story of "Portrait of a Young Man" (possible self-portrait by Raphael)  
Raphael's works
Click to enlarge (opens in a new window)
Self-portrait with a friend
Self-portrait with a friend
Self Portrait of Raphael Santi
Self-portrait of Raphael
Enlarged detail
"School of Athens"
Probable self-portrait
Probable self-portrait drawing by Raphael in his early teens
Portrait of a Young Man
Portrait of a Young Man
Possible self-portrait by Raphael
Pope Sixtus II
Pope Sixtus II
enlarged detail
"Sistine Madonna"
Sistine Madonna
Sistine Madonna
The Last Supper
The Last Supper
The Three Graces
The Three Graces
Works devoted to Raphael
Portrait of Raphael
by J.Vasari
Engraving by Francois-Gedeon Reverdin
Engraving by
Francois-Gedeon Reverdin
Portrait of a Young Man
Copy after Raphael
„Portrait of a Young Man“

Raphael - original name Raffaello Santi or Sanzio. 1483–1520, Italian painter and architect, regarded as one of the greatest artists of the High Renaissance. His many paintings include the Sistine Madonna (?1513) and the Transfiguration (unfinished, 1520).
Derived Forms: Raphaelesque (adjective) - pertaining to, or characteristic of the style of the painter Raphael.
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition

Raphael - a sixteenth-century Italian painter. A contemporary of Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo, he is known for his beautiful and gracious Madonnas and The School of Athens (see Plato's Academy). The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition

Raphael paintings on stamps
  Sources: books, sites about Rafael  

• Marcia B. Hall (ed.): The Cambridge Companion to Raphael, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 2005
Dussler, Leopold. Raphael: A Critical Catalogue of his Pictures, Wall-Paintings and Tapestries. London and New York: Phaidon, 1971.
• Jimenez, Jill Berk, ed. Dictionary of Artists' Models. London and Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers, 2001.
• Ruland, Carl. The Works of Raphael Santi da Urbino. Windsor Castle: Royal Library, 1876.
• Scott, MacDougall. Raphael. London: George Bell & Sons, 1902.
• Girardi, Monica, Raffaello. La ricerca della perfezione e la tenerezza della natura (1999) Ed. Associati.
• Thoenes, Christof, Raphael (2005) Ed. Taschen.
• Roger Jones and Nicholas Penny, Raphael, Yale, 1983,
• Shearman, John; Raphael in Early Modern Sources 1483-1602, 2003, Yale University Press.
• Vasari, Life of Raphael from the Lives of the Artists, edition used: Artists of the Renaissance selected & ed Malcolm Bull, Penguin 1965.
• Juergen M. Lehmann. RAPHAEL, The Holy Family with the Lamb of 1504 -The Original and its Variants. Landshut 1995.
• Luitpold Dussler. RAPHAEL - A Critical Catalogue of his Pictures, Wall-Paintings and Tapestries. London and New York 1971.

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